Sea Ice Modelling

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KARA2: Towards a next generation sea ice forecasting platform covering the Barents and Kara Seas

Development of a new sea ice forecasting platform for the Barents/Kara Seas

The main idea will be to develop a sea ice-only forecasting platform, which would be able to use in real time the ocean forecast provided by the TOPAZ system (or any other ocean model), the winds forecast provided by ECMWF and any available information about the ice cover state coming from another model, in-situ measurements or remote-sensed data from space.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
TOTAL Exploration and Production Norge
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

KARA: Dynamics of the pack ice in the Kara Sea: forecasting dangerous navigation conditions

Improved ice forecasting for planning operations and navigation in the Kara and Barents Seas. 

This two years project will validate the dynamical and thermodynamical properties of a sea ice model for the area, validate it against the satellite and drifting ice buoys available to the project, fine tune the rheology parameters for the area and set up a second nest at 1 km resolution on the Kara Gate to reproduce instances of clotting of the Kara Gate.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
TOTAL Exploration and Production Norge
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

RG5-LF: An improved Arctic-wide winter lead-fraction dataset over 2002–2015 for climate-oriented studies and model development

The project is devoted to improvement of lead fraction retrievals in the Arctic from satellites. These will then be used to study processes such as heat exchange between the ocean and the atmosphere and brine rejection during the ice formation.

Participants: N. Ivanova, P. Rampal, S. Bouillon, E. Ólason (NERSC), I. Fer, L.H Smedsrud (GFI), and M. Ilicak (Uni-Research)

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Centre for Climate Dynamics - Research Council of Norway
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

IceMotion: High resolution sea-ice motion from Synthetical Aperture Radar using pattern tracking and Doppler shift

IceMotion will provide new SAR-derived sea ice motion data based on combined use of
feature tracking and Doppler shift data for research and monitoring in ice-covered Polar seas.

Sea-ice motion is an essential variable to observe from EO data, because it strongly influences the distribution of sea-ice on different spatial and temporal scales. Ice drift causes advection of ice from one region to another and export of ice from the Arctic Ocean to the sub-Arctic seas. The proposal will exploit Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) data from Sentinel-1and Radarsat-2 for sea ice research and prepare for operational use of Sentinel-1 data. The main objective of IceMotion is to develop new SAR-derived sea ice motion data with high resolution (ca.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Mohamed Babiker
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

JIP-ART Oil-in-Ice: Sea ice model developments in view of oil spill forecasting

Within an international consortium of partners from highly recognized research institutions in France, Germany and Norway, NERSC proposes new sea ice model developments related to ice dynamics

Within an international consortium of partners from highly recognized research institutions in France, Germany and Norway, NERSC proposes completely new sea ice model developments related to ice dynamics. These will be tested/evaluated/validated at a regional scale using a high-resolution (~4km) coupled ice-ocean model of the Barents and Kara Seas nested into the MyOcean Arctic forecasting system TOPAZ that runs on lower resolution (~10km) but at the global/Pan-Arctic scale.

Project Details
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

neXtWIM: Waves in a next-generation sea ice model

neXtWIM is focusing on developing an Arctic forecasting platfrom for sea ice and ocean waves, by combining the neXt generation Sea Ice Model neXtSIM and the Waves in Ice Model WIM both currently developed at NERSC.

With increasing temperatures worldwide, the Arctic is experiencing rapid and drastic changes in sea ice conditions, with innumerable consequences for the environment and human activities. In particular, the sea ice extent has experienced several record lows in the last decade, producing more open water in the Arctic ocean, and consequently more waves. At the same time many industries such as tourism, shipping and the oil and gas industry are seeking to take advantage of the reduced ice cover to expand their operations.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Timothy Williams
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

NFR-funded research project started on modeling waves-sea ice interactions

Arctic sunset: Credit: V. Dansereau, 2010.Arctic sunset: Credit: V. Dansereau, 2010.NERSC's new project neXtWIM: Waves in the next geration sea ice model (2015-2018) has just been funded by the Research Council of Norway Klimaforsk program.

SIMECH: Sea Ice Mechanics, from satellites to numerical models

SIMech proposes to develop a unique sea ice model based on a new rheology that will reproduce for the first time the brittle mechanical behaviour of the sea ice cover.

The Arctic region is currently experiencing rapid changes that are mainly driven by global warming. Over the last decade, we have observed a drastic shrinkage of the Arctic sea ice cover in summer accompanied by a spectacular thinning of mean thickness and an increased export of sea ice through the Fram Strait. These changes perturb the interactions between the atmosphere and the ocean and modify the Arctic climate.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

Sea Ice Modelling

Scientific Group Name: 
Sea Ice Modelling
We work on the physics of sea ice and its role in the polar climate system, combining numerical model developments and satellite remote sensing

We focus on the following research topics:

• To develop the new neXt generation Sea Ice Model, neXtSIM.

This new model includes the Maxwell elasto brittle (MEB) rheology to simulate sea ice dynamics and an adapted code to simulate sea ice thermodynamics including the feedbacks between thermodynamical and dynamical processes.

• To develop and implement a new module into neXtSIM that resolves waves-ice interactions in the Marginal Ice Zone.

Publish: 
Public
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