Sea Ice and Land Ice Remote Sensing

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SIOS-PP: Svalbard Integrated Arctic Earth Observing System

SIOS is a Collaborative Project and Coordination and Support Actions for
Construction of New Infrastructures - Preparatory Phase - funded by EU under INFRA-2010-2.2.3.

SIOS will:

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Torill Hamre
Coordinating Institute: 
Research Council of Norway
Project Status: 
Completed

MAIRES: Monitoring Arctic land and sea ice using Russian and European satellites

MAIRES will study land and sea ice in the Arctic using data from European and Russian satellites

MAIRES will develop methodologies for satellite monitoring of Arctic glaciers, sea ice and icebergs. Methodologies to retrieve quantitative information from the ESA and RKA data will be developed, and examples of satellite derived products for each of the three thematic areas will be presented. The main satellite data will be Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), optical and infrared images, radar altimeter data, passive microwave data and geoid data fro GOCE.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

MONRUK: Monitoring the marine environment in Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan using Synthetic Aperture Radar

Developing and implementing satellite Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) monitoring of the marine environment in Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan (the RUK area) as a component of GMES.

The overall objective is to develop and implement satellite Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) monitoring of the marine environment in Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan (the RUK area) as a component of GMES. Satellite SAR images for the three study areas will be collected in order to develop and validate retrieval algorithms for ocean and sea ice parameters.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Torill Hamre
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

SITHOS: Sea Ice Thickness Observation System

Sea ice extent in the Arctic is decresing during resent decades, but less observations are available on ice thickness. SITHOS is preraring for the ESA CRYOSAT satellite mission measuring ice thicness from space.

The rationale for this project is that sea ice thickness is a key climate indicator at high latitudes which seems to undergo significant changes, but this parameter is a real challenge to observe and there is an urgent need for improved measurement techniques. Results from global climate models indicate that global warming in the next decades will be most pronounced in the Arctic region, causing a net melting of the sea ice. Ice area and thickness are the two fundamental parameters for estimation of ice mass balance, which shows the response of sea to climate change.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

SIDARUS: Sea ice downstream services for Arctic and Antarctic Users and Stakeholders

To develop and implement a set of sea ice downstream services in the area of climate research, marine safety and environmental monitoring for stakeholders and users in the Arctic and Antarctic.

The demand for improved sea ice information in the Arctic and Antarctic by many user groups is growing as a result of climate change and its impact on environment and human activities. The presently observed reduction of the Arctic sea ice extent, in particular during the summer months and an increasing demand for natural resources are key mechanisms driving human activities in these areas. In Antarctic, ice discharge from several ice shelves is a significant climate indicator, leading to enhanced iceberg population in the Southern Ocean.  

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

Greenland Ice Sheet elevation variations

Khvorostovsky, K., Bobylev, L. & Johannessen, O.M. Greenland Ice Sheet elevation variations. Arctic Environment Variability in the Context of Global Change (2003).
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