Ocean Modeling

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ARC MFC: Copernicus Arctic Marine Services

The Arctic Marine Forecasting Center will provide operational forecasts of ocean currents, temperature, salinity, primary production, sea ice and waves out to 10 days ahead as well as reanalyses over the past 25 years.

The Arctic MFC will operate the NERSC version of the HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model (HYCOM) for the whole Arctic domain at a resolution higher than 14 km (corresponding to 1/8th deg N/S), coupled with a sea ice model (NERSC version of the CICE model) and an ecosystem model. The EnKF will be used for assimilating all types of satellite and in situ observations available both in real time forecast and reanalysis modes. Essentially, the proposal offers the continuation of the products served by the MyOcean Follow-On “ARC MFC”.

Project Details
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

EVA: Earth system modelling of climate Variations in the Anthropocene

Developement of the Norwegian Earth System Model (NorESM)

The term Anthropocene denotes the on-going time period since the beginning of the industrialisation. Human actions have changed the Earth’s climate and environment during this period. 

How can the changes up to now be quantified and how to prepare for the future? 

Earth system models (ESMs) are key tools to answer this question. They are climate models which next to physics also take into account chemical, biological, and ecosystem processes. 

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Centre for Climate Dynamics - Research Council of Norway
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Yongqi Gao
Coordinating Institute: 
Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen
Project Status: 
Completed

SEAMAN: Spatially resolved Ecosystem models and their Application to Marine MANagement (SEAMAN)

SEAMAN aims to improve ecosystem understanding and modelling and involves 6 institutes in 4 countries.

SEAMAN is a project within the program SEAS-ERA in the EU FP7 ERA-NET Scheme aiming to strengthen the coordination of national and regional research programmes.The project brings together experts from different countries in Europe, focusing on different parts of the ecosystem from the physical environment, to plankton, fish, invasive species and pollutants.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Coordinating Institute: 
Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen
Project Status: 
Completed

PAVE: Atlantic Water Pathways to the Arctic: Variability and Effects on Climate and Ecosystems

PAVE is the multidisciplinary research proposal focused on investigating the response of the Arctic sea ice and biological environment to variability and warming of the Atlantic Water (AW) inflow through Fram Strait and the Barents Sea.

Atlantic Water is the main source of heat, nutrients and biological energy (plankton) for the Arctic Ocean and will likely be an important pathway for introduction of new species in a future warmer climate. The AW cooling en route to the Arctic Ocean, and therefore its impact on atmosphere, cryospere and biosphere in the Arctic, depends strongly on the pathway along which it enters the Arctic Ocean.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Polish-Norwegian Research Fund
Coordinating Institute: 
Institute of Oceanology Polish Academy of Sciences
Project Status: 
Completed

Ocean Modeling

Scientific Group Name: 
Ocean Modeling
Performs research within modeling of physical ocean and marine ecosystem.

The Ocean Modeling Group at NERSC performs research in modeling of physical ocean processes, marine ecosystem and data assimilation with applications towards operational oceanography, marine research, and climate research. Our research centers around the ocean model HYCOM with ecosystem applications (HYCOM-NORWECOM and HYCOM-ECOSMO).  In collaboration with the Data Assimialtion Group (https://www.nersc.no/group/data-assimilation-and-forecasting-group) the EnKF is applied both for parameter and state estimation in these models.

Publish: 
Public

Jiping Xie

Research
Area of Expertise: 
data assimilation

My primary research goals are directed toward developing the ocean data assimilation system of ensemble assimilation method and improving the performance of a ocean and sea ice forecast syste:

  • Focused on the Ensemble data assimilation method in operational oceanography, developing the practical data assimilation schemes implemented in different ocean model systems.
  • Evaluation and investigation new types of ocean and sea ice observations in the related forecast systems.
Employment
Research Group: 
Ocean Modeling
Job Position: 
Researcher
E-mail: 

INDO-MARECLIM: Indo-European Research Facilities for Studies on Marine Ecosystem and Climate in India

INDO-MAREClim will capitalize on the NERCI infrastructure to facilitate and improve European Union co-operation with India in the research areas of marine ecosystems and climate, including the impact on the society.

INDO-MARECLIM capitalizes on the Norwegian institutional establishment, infrastructure and network of scientific cooperation built up India since 1998 around the Nansen Environmental Research Centre-India (NERCI) in Kerala, India. INDO-MARECLIM aims at facilitating and improving the co-operation between the European Union Members States and Associated Countries and India and includes partners from UK, France, Italy, the Netherlands and Norway, involved in research topics of relevance to India.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

OC-CCI: The ESA Ocean Colour Climate Change Initiative

The ESA has initiated ClimateChange Initiatives for all Essential Climate Variables. the Ocean Colour CCI is the only one of them that related to a "living" variable.

The Ocean Colour CCI (OC_CCI) project focuses on the Ocean Colour ECV encompassing water-leaving radiance in the visible domain, derived chlorophyll and inherent optical properties and will utilise data archives of from ESA’s MERIS and NASA’s SeaWiFS, MODIS and possibly CZCS (after careful evaluation) sensors archives.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Space Agency
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Laurent Bertino
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

MERSEA: Marine Environment and Security for the European Area

Developmenting a European system for operational monitoring and forecasting of the ocean physics, biogeochemistry, and ecosystems, on global and regional scales.

GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) is a joint initiative of the European Commission and the European Space Agency, designed to establish a European capacity for the provision and use of operational information for Global Monitoring of Environment and Security. To support the development of the Ocean and Marine Applications component of GMES, the EC is funding the MERSEA integrated project.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
European Commission
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Laurent Bertino
Coordinating Institute: 
MERSEA consortium, France
Project Status: 
Completed
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