Climate Dynamics and Prediction

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INDIA-CLIM: Decadal to multi-decadal variability in the Indian Monsoon Rainfall and teleconnection with Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO)

India-CLIM will analyze comprehensive data sets of climate variables for India and output from Earth System model simulations, in order to investigate the variability of the Indian Monsoon with special focus on the wet season of the summer monsoon.

The main hypothesis in the project is that the AMO is an intrinsic oceanic mode and that the associated SST anomalies in Atlantic Ocean can impact the Indian Summer Monsoon through teleconnection.

In order to test our hypothesis, we will use the re-analysis and observed data as well as IPCC/CMIP5 simulations to explore the decadal to multi-decadal variability of Indian Summer Monsoon and the teleconnection with AMO.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Project Deputy Leader at NERSC: 
Lasse H. Pettersson
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Completed

Anqi Lyu

Research
Employment
Research Group: 
Climate Dynamics and Prediction
Job Position: 
Post-doc
E-mail: 

MAPARC: MAPARC

Mechanism and prediction of the new Arctic climate system

Arctic is entering into a new era where there is more open ocean in summer and increasing area of newly-formed sea ice in winter. Meanwhile, the new Arctic is undergoing a deep warming extending from the interior ocean to the upper troposphere. It implies significant changes of ocean conditions, atmosphere circulations and climate patterns, bringing challenges to the implementation of existing knowledge on the prediction of new Arctic climate system.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Coordinating Institute: 
Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen
Project Status: 
Ongoing

NICEST-2: The Nordic Collaboration on e-Infrastructures for Earth System Modeling, phase 2

NICEST-2 - the second phase of the Nordic Collaboration on e-Infrastructures for Earth System Modeling focuses on strengthening the Nordic position within climate modeling by leveraging, reinforcing and complementing ongoing initiatives.

NICEST-2 focuses on strengthening the Nordic position within climate modeling by leveraging, reinforcing and complementing ongoing initiatives. It builds on previous efforts within NICEST (a 3-year NeIC project as of 2017-01) and NordicESM (3-year NordForsk funded project from 2014-12).

NICEST2 is funded by the Nordic e-Infrastructure Collaboration (NeIC) which facilitates development and operation of high-quality e-infrastructure solutions in areas of joint Nordic interest.

Planned activities include:
Project Details
Funding Agency: 
NordForsk
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Ongoing

ROADMAP: ROADMAP

Role of ocean dynamics and Ocean-Atmosphere interactions in Driving cliMAte variations and future Projections of impact-relevant extreme events 

Funded by the JPI CLIMATE and JPI OCEANS joint call on next generation climate science in Europe for oceans, ROADMAP aims to expand current understanding of how the Northern Hemisphere (NH) ocean surface state and ocean dynamics influence the extratropical atmospheric circulation, as well as associated impact-relevant weather and climate extremes, across space and time scales, short-synoptic to decadal-planetary, under both present day and future climate conditions.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Coordinating Institute: 
Max Planck Institute for Meteorology
Project Status: 
Ongoing

4SICE: Towards skillful subseasonal-to-seasonal sea ice prediction

4SICE is a four-year project co-funded by the Research Council of Norway and the Ministry of Science and Technology of China.

The high latitude regions have warmed faster than the global average in recent decades, leading to a dramatic decline in sea-ice extent and thickness. These sea-ice changes vastly impact the polar environment, ecosystem, and local communities - They bring about both risks and opportunities for human activities in polar regions, e.g., scientific missions, tourism, fisheries, shipping, natural resource exploitation and wildlife management.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Ongoing

PARCIM: Proxy Assimilation for Reconstructing Climate and Improving Model

SKD-PARCIM is a strategic project at the Bjerknes Center for Climate Research (2022-2025) that combines novel model devellopements, improved paleoproxy observations, and understanding of multidecadal climate variability. Paleo-proxy observations will be used to produced an online climate reanalysis of the past milenium. They will also be used to mitigate long lasting model bias in climate models.

 The project will be organised in 3 work packages 

WP1  bring expertise on marine-based multi-proxy reconstructions (sediment core data and sclerochronological data). We will focus on improving the age models for the last 150 years in selected North Atlantic sediment cores, which will propagate down-core and improve the overall accuracy and precision of the sediment-based age models for the past millennium. 

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Centre for Climate Dynamics - Research Council of Norway
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Ongoing

URSA-MAJOR: URban Sustainability in Action: Multi-disciplinary Approach through Jointly Organized Research schools

URSA-MAJOR will redress of education and training for Smart-City development.

URSA MAJOR (Urban Sustainability in Action: Multi-disciplinary Approach through Jointly Organized Research schools) – integrates research advances and education into a holistic socioenvironmental program for Smart Cities. The project targets future urban stakeholders promoting the Green Deal transformations. It focusses on the regions of amplified climate change where urban areas have urgent needs to improve their sustainability and resilience, and where the cost of maladaptation is intolerably high.

Project Details
Funding Agency: 
Research Council of Norway
Coordinating Institute: 
Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center
Project Status: 
Ongoing

Making climate models more accurate by improving their tuning

Earth’s climate is a very complex system, and it is not easy to understand with all its components – the main ones being ocean, land, atmosphere, and sea ice. Nevertheless, scientists have been trying for decades to predict future changes in climate with numerical models. These models keep getting better, but all components have systematic errors to some degree. Decreasing errors and thereby predicting the future climate more reliably will benefit society by allowing us to better adapt to climate change. 

 

Shengping He

Employment
Research Group: 
Climate Dynamics and Prediction
Job Position: 
Adjunct Position
E-mail: 
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