CORESAT: Combined remote and in situ study of sea ice thickness and motion in the Fram Strait

About understanding sea ice thickness and drift distribution in the Fram Strait region

Objectives

Primary objective: Increasing the understanding of use of satellite remote sensing data over sea ice covered areas by means of sophisticated validation and evaluation experiments in the Fram Strait region.

Secondary objective: Obtain an improved satellite remote sensing dataset of the sea ice thickness and sea ice drift distribution in Fram Strait. The new datasets will be both longer and have a higher temporal resolution than previous records. Special attention will be given to establish reliable error margins for the satellite observations and to validate satellite observations with in situ data from different seasons and over the duration of multiple years. Finally, an improved Fram Strait sea ice volume export estimate will be obtained, which (1) is essential to understand the current dramatic sea ice change and (2) can influence the local and global ocean circulation. 

Project Summary

The project will improve our understanding of the sea ice thickness and sea ice drift distribution in the Fram Strait region, which has a high impact on the local Arctic and global climate.
While satellite observations of the sea ice extent exist since the 1970, satellite observations of the sea ice thickness are a new development starting only at the beginning of this century. Existing methods to derive Arctic sea ice thickness and motion from satellite data were developed and validated mainly in the central Arctic Basin. However, the main gateway where sea ice leaves the Arctic Basin (~90%) is the Fram Strait. An accurate estimate of the Fram Strait sea ice volume export is needed to understand the recent Arctic sea ice decline (discrimination between thermodynamic (increased warming) and dynamic (increased export) forcing) as well as

the influence on the ocean dense water formation and thereby the global thermohaline circulation.
This project will exploit and further extend the comprehensive and worldwide unique in situ sea ice observation database at the Norwegian Polar Institute to improve our understanding of sea ice remote sensing data. Established (ICESat ice freeboard/thickness, low-resolution radiometer/scatterometer

ice drift) and new (CryoSat-2 ice freeboard/thickness, SAR ice drift, SMOS thin ice thickness) sea ice remote sensing datasets will be compared and evaluated against available in situ measurements obtained from ship, ice station, and helicopter surveys. When necessary, available remote sensing methods will be improved (ICESat, CryoSat-2) or newly developed (sea ice drift tracking from polarimetric SAR) specifically for the very dynamic and complex sea ice pack situation in Fram Strait.

As a final outcome longer and better validated time series of sea ice thickness, drift, and volume export in Fram Strait will be obtained and combined with other sea ice mass balance observations from the grander Arctic region.

Project Details
Acronym: 
CORESAT
NERSC Principal Investigator: 
Pierre Rampal
Coordinating Institute: 
NORSK POLARINSTITUTT
Project Status: 
Completed