%0 Journal Article
%J Boundary-layer Meteorology
%D 2007
%T Energy- and flux-budget (EFB) turbulence closure model for stably stratified flows. Part I: steady-state, homogeneous regimes
%A Zilitinkevich, Sergej
%A Elperin, T.
%A Kleeorin, N.
%A Rogachevskii, I.
%K Anisotropy
%K Critical Richardson number
%K Eddy viscosity
%K Heat conductivity
%K Kinetic
%K potential and total turbulent energies
%K Stable stratification
%K Turbulence closure
%K Turbulent fluxes
%K Turbulent length scale
%X We propose a new turbulence closure model based on the budget equations for the key second moments: turbulent kinetic and potential energies: TKE and TPE (comprising the turbulent total energy: TTE = TKE + TPE) and vertical turbulent fluxes of momentum and buoyancy (proportional to potential temperature). Besides the concept of TTE, we take into account the non-gradient correction to the traditional buoyancy flux formulation. The proposed model permits the existence of turbulence at any gradient Richardson number, Ri. Instead of the critical value of Richardson number separatingâ€”as is usually assumedâ€”the turbulent and the laminar regimes, the suggested model reveals a transitional interval, 0.1 < Ri < 101Ri1 , which separates two regimes of essentially different nature but both turbulent: strong turbulence at Ri << 1Ri1 ; and weak turbulence, capable of transporting momentum but much less efficient in transporting heat, at ${\rm Ri} > 1$Ri1 . Predictions from this model are consistent with available data from atmospheric and laboratory experiments, direct numerical simulation and large-eddy simulation.
%B Boundary-layer Meteorology
%S From the issue entitled "Atmospheric Boundary layers: Nature, Theory and Applications to Environmental Modelling and Security"
%I Springer
%V 125
%P 167-191
%U http://www.springerlink.com.pva.uib.no/content/l474p1v14h966357/
%R 10.1007/s10546-007-9189-2
%> https://www.nersc.no/sites/www.nersc.no/files/fulltext-9.pdf