Statistical EOF analysis of spatiotemporal glacier mass-balance variability: A case study of Mittivakkat Gletscher, SE Greenland

TitleStatistical EOF analysis of spatiotemporal glacier mass-balance variability: A case study of Mittivakkat Gletscher, SE Greenland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMernild, JSH, Beckman, A, Knudsen, NT, Hasholt, B, Yde, JC
JournalGeografisk tidsskrift
Volume118
PublisherDet Kongelige Danske Geografiske Selskab
ISSN0016-7223
Abstract

An Empirical Orthogonal Function (EOF) variance analysis was performed to map in detail the spatiotemporal variability in individual stake mass-balances (ba) on Mittivakkat Gletscher (MG) – in a region where at present five out of ~20.000 glaciers have mass-balance observations. The EOF analysis suggested that observed ba was summarized by two modes: EOF1 and EOF2 represented 80% (significant) and 6% (insignificant) of the explained variance, respectively. EOF1 captured a decline in ba that was uniformly distributed in space at all stakes. The decline was correlated with albedo observations and air temperature observations from nearby stations. EOF2, however, described variations in ba that were heterogeneously distributed among stakes and associated with local slope and aspect. Low elevation stakes (~<400 m a.s.l.) showed relatively negative (out of phase) correlation and higher elevated stakes relatively positive (in phase) eigenvector correlation values with EOF2. Such relatively negative and positive eigenvector correlation values were present where the constituted of exposed glacier ice or snow cover, respectively. The results from this study show how EOF analyses can provide information on spatiotemporal patterns of glacier mass-balance. Understanding such detailed variabilities in mass-balance on a Greenlandic glacier is of interest because a fifth of the Arctic contribution from glaciers and ice caps to sea-level rise originates from Greenland. Statistical EOF analysis of spatiotemporal glacier mass-balance variability: A case study of Mittivakkat Gletscher, SE Greenland

DOI10.1080/00167223.2017.1386581
Refereed DesignationRefereed
Author Address

NERSC