%0 Journal Article
%J Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
%D 2010
%T Assimilating altimetry data into a HYCOM model of the Pacific: Ensemble Optimal Interpolation versus Ensemble Kalman Filter
%A Wan, Liying
%A Laurent Bertino
%A Zhu, Jiang
%X The ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) has proven its efficiency in strongly nonlinear dynamical systems but is demanding in its computing power requirements, which are typically about the same as those of the four- dimensional variational data assimilation (4DVAR) systems presently used in several weather forecasting centers. A simplified version of EnKF, the so-called ensemble optimal interpolation (EnOI), requires only a small fraction of the computing cost of the EnKF, but makes the crude assumption of no dynamical evolution of the errors. How do both these two methods compare in realistic settings of a Pacific Ocean forecasting system where the computational cost is a primary concern? In this paper the two methods are used to as- similate real altimetry data via a Hybrid Coordinate Ocean Model of the Pacific. The results are validated against the independent Argo temperature and salinity profiles and show that the EnKF has the advantage in terms of both temperature and salinity and in all parts of the domain, although not with a very striking difference.
%B Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology
%I American Meteorological Society
%V 27
%P 753-765
%8 04/2010
%@ 1520-0426
%U http://journals.ametsoc.org/toc/atot/27/4
%R 10.1175/2009JTECHO626.1
%> https://www.nersc.no/sites/www.nersc.no/files/wan10.pdf