Direct ocean surface velocity measurements from space: Improved quantitative interpretation of Envisat ASAR observations

TitleDirect ocean surface velocity measurements from space: Improved quantitative interpretation of Envisat ASAR observations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsJohannessen, JA, Collard, F, Kudryavtsev, VN, Akimov, DD
JournalGeophysical Research Letters
Volume35
NumberL22608
Number of Pages6
Date Published11/2008
PublisherAmerican Geophysical Union
ISSN0094–8276
Abstract

Previous analysis of Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar (ASAR) signals collected by ESA’s Envisat has demonstrated a very valuable source of high-resolution information, namely, the line-of-sight velocity of the moving ocean surface. This velocity is estimated from a Doppler frequency shift, consistently extracted within the ASAR scenes. The Doppler shift results from the combined action of near surface wind on shorter waves, longer wave motion, wave breaking and surface current. Both kinematic and dynamic properties of the moving ocean surface roughness can therefore be derived from the ASAR o b s e r v a t i o n s . T h e o b s e r v a t i o n s a r e c o mp a r e d t o simulations using a radar imaging model extended to include a Doppler shift module. The results are promising. Comparisons to coincident altimetry data suggest that regular account of this combined information would advance the use of SAR in quantitative studies of ocean currents.

URLhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2008GL035709
DOIdoi:10.1029/2008GL035709
Refereed DesignationRefereed
Author Address

NERSC

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